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Revenue Sharing and North America's Major Pro Sports Leagues

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Revenue Sharing in Major League Baseball
Derek Jeter, Nick Swisher and Robinson Cano

Derek Jeter #2 of the New York Yankees congratulates teammates Robinson Cano #24 and Nick Swisher #33 after they scored in the sixth inning against the Boston Red Sox on August 31, 2011 at Fenway Park

Getty Images / Elsa
Major League Baseball has the widest disparity between the "haves" and "have nots," with high-revenue teams like the Yankees and Red Sox spending three and four times as much on players as smaller-market clubs.

MLB has a fairly robust revenue-sharing system, which has been in place since 2002. In the current version, all teams pay 31 percent of their local revenue into a shared fund, which is divided equally among all teams. In addition, more of the money coming into the league from national sources - network TV contracts and such - goes to lower-revenue clubs.

MLB also has a luxury tax system, which forces teams with high payrolls to pay a dollar-for-dollar penalty. But the luxury tax funds do not go to lower-revenue clubs; those receipts go into a central MLB fund - the MLB Industry Growth Fund - used for marketing programs.

The "shared fund" aspect of MLB's system might work as a model for the NBA. But the Association has had a luxury tax in place for years, and that hasn't done much to curb payrolls. The next CBA will almost certainly have some other system in place to cap salaries - if not a "hard" salary cap than a soft cap with fewer exceptions.

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